Didactics: Methodological Basis of Motor Learning in Children and Adolescents

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.01

Keywords:

motor learning, methodological basis, children, adolescents, моторне навчання, методологічна основа, діти, підлітки

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of knowledge considered as a methodological basis of motor learning on the effectiveness of motor skills development in children and adolescents.

Materials and methods. Young gymnasts aged 7-13 participated in the experiment. At the first stage – young gymnasts aged 8 (16 groups of 6 people each). At the second stage – young gymnasts aged 8 (3 groups of 6 people each), young gymnasts aged 13 (2 groups of 6 people each). Both philosophical and general scientific research methods were used to solve the tasks set, among which were: dialectical method, systems approach, modeling, pedagogical experiment organized according to the scheme of a 2k factorial experiment.

Results. A positive effect of learning depends on the consistent solution of learning tasks and rational application of methods. This is indicated by the following: firstly, the total impact of factors reduces the number of repetitions when teaching young gymnasts a side handspring (by 23 repetitions), secondly, the total interaction increases the duration of training by 9 repetitions. Obviously, studying the decomposition of learning tasks can improve the effectiveness of learning in general.

Conclusions. The learning process structure is most influenced by the conclusions of the theory of functional systems (43%, p < 0.001), the theory of movement construction (41%, p < 0.001), and the theory of management of knowledge acquisition, formation of actions and concepts (2.6%, p < 0.05). A positive effect of learning depends on the consistent solution of learning tasks and rational application of methods.

Author Biographies

Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
khudolii.oleg@gmail.com

Sergii Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport

Department of Sports, 
Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
sportart@gmail.com

Pavol Bartik, Matej Bel University

Department of Physical Education and Sports,
Tajovského 40, 97401 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
pavol.bartik@umb.sk

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Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., & Bartik, P. (2020). Didactics: Methodological Basis of Motor Learning in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 5–13. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.01

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