Motor Skills in Physical Fitness Structure of 8-Year-Old Girls

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.03

Keywords:

8-year-old girls, motor skills, motor abilities, factor analysis

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the priority of motor skills in the motor fitness structure of 8-year-old girls. 

Materials and methods. The study participants were 40 8-year-old girls. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: “Shoulder stand”, “Bridge from supine position”, “One leg swing upward circle”.

Results. The level of fitness of the 8-year-old girls is homogeneous by the development of “agility”, “movement coordination”, “speed strength”, and “endurance”; inhomogeneous – by the development of flexibility, arm strength, vestibular stability, and the level of proficiency. 

The most informative indicators that determine the level of the 8-year-old girls’ motor fitness are: No. 14 “One leg swing upward circle, level of proficiency” (r = 0.890); No. 7 “Mixed hang rope pull-ups, times” (r = 0.889); No. 13 “Bridge from supine position, level of proficiency” (r = 0.842).

Conclusions. Based on factor analysis, it was found that the level of proficiency in exercises influences the variation of testing results, and the development of motor skills is a priority in the educational process at primary school.

The level of proficiency in the exercises “Shoulder stand” and “One leg swing upward circle” shows that the exercises are difficult for 8-year-old girls to perform. Based on the data analysis, it can be argued that the comprehensive development of motor abilities ensures the formation of motor skills, and the improvement of the level of development of 8-year-old girls’ arm flexors and vestibular stability will positively influence the educational process effectiveness.

Author Biographies

Taisiia Shevchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
taya.shevchenko.07@gmail.com

Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
khudoli@hnpu.edu.ua

Vladimir Potop, Ecological University of Bucharest

Dean of the Faculty of Physical education and sport,
Bd.Vasile Milea nr. 1G, Sector 6, 061341 Bucuresti, Romania
vladimir_potop@yahoo.com

References

Krutsevych, T. Yu. (2012). Kontseptsiia udoskonalennia prohram z fizychnoi kultury u zahalnoosvitnii shkoli. Fizychne vykhovannia v suchasnii shkoli, 2(78), 8-9.

Krutsevych, T., Napadii, A., & Trachuk, S. (2014). Periodyzatsiia fizychnoi pidhotovky shkoliariv v umovakh navchalnoho protsesu. Sportyvnyi visnyk Prydniprovia, (1), 60-67.

Krivolapchuk, I. A., & Chernova, M. B. (2019). Peculiarities of the Factorial Structure of the Functional State in Children Aged 9–10 Years. Human Physiology, 45(1), 30–39. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0362119718050067

Ivashchenko, O. (2020). Research Program: Modeling of Motor Abilities Development and Teaching of Schoolchildren. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(1), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.05

Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., & Bartik, P. (2020). Didactics: Methodological Basis of Motor Learning in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.01

Krivolapchuk, I. A., Chernova, M. B., & Gerasimova, A. A. (2020). Effect of regular physical activity of various intensity on the functional status of 5-6 and 6-7-year-old children. Human Sport Medicine, 20(2), 71-79. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.14529/HSM200209

Krivolapchuk, I. A., Gerasimova, A. A., Myshiakov, V. V., & Chicherin, V. P. (2020). The effect of anaerobic glycolytic performance on the functional status and cognitive efficiency in primary schoolchildren. Human Sport Medicine, 19(2), 29-36. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.14529/HSM19S204

Khudolii, O., Ivashchenko, O., & Chernenko, S. (2013). Factors that influence on efficiency of educating to physical exercises of girls of junior classes. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (2), 43-47. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.2.1016

Khudolii, O., & Chernenko, S. (2013). Features of forming of motive skills for the schoolchildren of junior classes. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (3), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.3.1021

Chernenko, S. (2009). Osoblyvosti fizychnoho rozvytku divchatok 6-10 rokiv. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (6), 32-34. Retrieved from https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/540

Khudolii, O., & Titarenko, A. (2012). Osoblyvosti metodyky rozvytku syly u divchatok molodshoho shkilnoho viku. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (2), 3-18, 35. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2012.2.767

Titarenko, A. (2010). Osoblyvosti rozvytku rukhovykh zdibnostei u divchatok molodshoho shkilnoho viku. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (9), 3-13. Retrieved from https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/652

Ivashchenko, O., Berezhna, H., & Cieślicka, M. (2020). Motor Skills in the Structure of Physical Fitness of 7-Year-Old Boys. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.02

Ivashchenko, O., & Sirichenko, D. (2020). Structure of Motor Fitness of 7-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 20-25. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.03

Marchenko, S., & Kovalenko, K. (2020). Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 10 Mae-Geri (Front Kick) Technique in Kyokushin Karate. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 33-39. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.05

Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., Chernenko, S., & Holovko, A. (2015). Pedagogical Control of Motor Readiness of Junior School Boys. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (2), 32-40. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2015.2.1140

Ivashchenko, O., Iermakov, S., Khudolii, O., Cretu, M., & Potop, V. (2017). Level of physical exercises’ mastering in structure of 11-13 yrs age boys’ motor fitness. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 21(5), 236-243. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0506

Khudolii, O., Ivashchenko, O., & Chernenko, S. (2015). Simulation of junior shcoolchildren’s training to acrobatic exercises and vaults. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 19(7), 64-71. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0709

Ivashchenko, O., & Cieślicka, M. (2017). Features of evaluations of power loadsin boys 7 years old. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(1), 175-183. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.249184

Cieślicka, M., & Ivashchenko, O. (2017). Features of formation of the cumulative effect of power loads in boys 7 years old. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(1), 198-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.250599

Hellin, M., Garcia-Jimenez, J. V., & Garcia-Pellicer, J. J. (2019a). Intensity of physical education lessons in children according to the type of activity: Soccer, badminton, aerobics and motor skills. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(1), 603-610. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.01088

Hellin, M., Garcia-Jimenez, J. V., & Garcia-Pellicer, J. J. (2019b). Intensity of physical education lessons in children according to the type of activity: Soccer, badminton, aerobics and motor skills. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 148-155. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.s1022

Groffik, D., Mitáš, J., Jakubec, L., Svozil, Z., & Frömel, K. (2020). Adolescents’ Physical Activity in Education Systems Varying in the Number of Weekly Physical Education Lessons. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2019.1688754

Downloads

Published

2020-10-30

How to Cite

Shevchenko, T., Khudolii, O., & Potop, V. (2020). Motor Skills in Physical Fitness Structure of 8-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(2), 64–69. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.03

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)