Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology <p>The <em>Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology</em> publishes didactic research papers in knowledge, abilities and skills development of children, adolescents, and students, which focus on motor and verbal learning.</p> <p><strong>The purpose of the journal</strong> is to provide scientific information and introduce the results of applied and fundamental research on didactics of motor and verbal learning, secondary and higher education, and learning psychology.</p> <p>Journal for scientists, specialists in didactics, learning psychology, teachers, and lecturers.</p> <p>Three issues per year. Established in 2020</p> <p>eISSN 2708-7581 | ISSN-L 2708-7573</p> en-US (Olha Ivashchenko) (Taras Tkachenko) Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 Assessment of Speed Indicators of School Students Practicing Kyokushinkai Karate <p><strong>The purpose of this study</strong> was to determine the age-specific features of the manifestation of differences in the speed fitness of younger grade boys who attend a karate class at the sports and health stage.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 60 younger grade boys (aged 7 to 10). They were divided into four groups: those aged 7, 8, 9, and 10, each of the age group comprising 15 participants. The children’s technical level corresponded to the student grades of 10th or 9th Kyu (Orange Belt). The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The solution of the set tasks involved the use of the following research methods: review and analysis of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical observation, timing of educational tasks, testing, pedagogical ascertaining experiment, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Statistically significant (р&lt;.05) age-specific differences were observed in the speed in integral movements (p=.037; p=.004; p=.041), in the latent time of a simple motor response (p=.003; p=.001; p=.026), and in the frequency of unloaded movement (p=.002; p=.039; p=.001) between all the study groups aged 7-8, 8-9, and 9-10, respectively; in speed-strength abilities (p=.009; p=.024) between the groups aged 7-8 and 9-10; in the general motor function of the body (p=.007; p=.006) between the groups aged 7-8 and 8-9; and in the frequency of a single movement (p=.044) between the groups aged 8-9.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the results of the SI and SSI indices, most younger grade karate boys develop harmoniously and have a sufficient level of development of speed abilities, their results clearly showing improvement. It was established that there are differences between children in various structural units of speed, which correspond to the age indicators and technical levels of the karate boys.</p> Svitlana Marchenko, Oleksandr Lytvyn Copyright (c) 2023 Svitlana Marchenko, Oleksandr Lytvyn Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Influence of Strength Fitness Classes on the Development of Motor Abilities of High School Students <p><strong>The purpose of study</strong> is to determine the effectiveness of the influence of strength fitness on the development of motor abilities of high school students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></strong> The study was conducted on the basis of secondary school No. 55 Kharkiv in several stages. During the study, two groups were created: experimental and control. The control and experimental groups included 10 boys of 10 grade each. In the control group, lessons were held on the module “Gymnastics” according to the thematic plan. And in the experimental group the lessons content included: strength fitness, stretching exercises and aerobic combinations. Special attention was paid to the preparation of muscles for performing the exercises of the main part of the lesson - strength training. Research methods: study, synthesis and comparative analysis of literature and other sources on the research issue; observation; questionnaires, diagnosis of well-being, activity, mood according to the WAM method, testing of motor readiness, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> According to the study results, in the experimental group was found a probable improvement in the state of activity by 11.3 points (p&lt;0.01) and mood by 12.7 points (p&lt;0.01). This indicates the positive impact of strength fitness exercises, modern music accompaniment and the corresponding load on these indicators. In the control group under the program of the variable module “Gymnastics” we observed an improvement in strength abilities such as flexion and extension of the arms in the abutment position by 3.8 (p&lt;0.05). Indicators of motor abilities of students in the experimental group at the end of the trial had probable shifts towards improvement: shuttle run 4×9 m by 0.9 sec. (p&lt;0.01), flexion and extension of the arms in the abutment position by 3.9 times (p&lt;0.05), flexion and extension of the arms in suspension by 1.5 times (p&lt;0.05), bent suspension by 7.4 sec. (p&lt;0.001), jump in length from the place by 7.4 cm (p&lt;0.05), flexibility (torso inclination) by 3.1 cm (p&lt;0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The use of recreational fitness in physical education classes in high school students not only contributes to an increase in the level of motor abilities, but also improves the emotional state of students. Through a combination of physical education, aerobic exercise, stretching, strength fitness, breathing exercises, visualization, high school students noted an improvement in well-being, mood, and activity.</p> Serhii Derkach, Oleg Khudolii, Yuliia Golenkova Copyright (c) 2023 Serhii Derkach, Oleg Khudolii, Yuliia Golenkova Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Effectiveness of Inclusive Physical Education Classes on the Ability to Perform Rhythmic Activities of Students with Disabilities <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to reveal the effectiveness of inclusive physical education classes on the ability to perform rhythmic activities and the state of health of students with disabilities in the process of implementing a differentiated physical education program.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The experiment was attended by 30 students with disabilities. To determine the effectiveness of the differentiated program of physical education for students with disabilities, pedagogical testing has been used.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> According to the results of the experiment, it was established that the use of the developed differentiated program of physical education for students with disabilities made it possible to improve the level of ability to perform rhythmic activities during the period of the experiment. It was established that the implementation of the content of the test control provided by the differentiated program during the physical education of students with disabilities provides a positive effect (at the level of p&lt;0.05) in solving the tasks, as evidenced by the test results. In conclusion, the average values with which the level of physical education correlates with health, of which corresponded to the “low” level, passed into the range of values that correspond to “below average” (72.4%), in others, indicators of physical health showed a tendency to improve.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It was determined that a special role in the context of solving the issue of inclusive education in institutions of higher education is assigned to physical education, which is aimed at eliminating existing negative trends in the physical development and health of students with disabilities. The analysis of the final data at the end of the experiment testifies to the benefit of the implemented development of pedagogical actions, which proves the need for the introduction of innovations, and fundamentally new approaches to the formation of programs of inclusive physical education based on a differentiated approach.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Oksana Blavt Copyright (c) 2023 Oksana Blavt Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Parameters of Physical Performance of Qualified Football Players in the Preparatory Period of Training <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The purpose of the work: </strong>to determine the level of physical fitness of qualified football players in the preparatory period of the annual macrocycle based on test indicators for the formation of rational programs for their preparation for competitive activities.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Material &amp; methods</strong>. Contingent: 25 qualified football players of MFC “Metalurg” (Zaporizhzhya): 15 athletes – application form «A» and 10 athletes – application form “B” of the second stage of the “Champion” group VBET UA 2022-2023 season of Professional Football League of Ukraine. Methods: Analysis and systematization of data from scientific and methodical literature and the electronic resource of global information network «Internet»; pedagogical observations; pedagogical testing: PWC<sub>170</sub> (Physical Working Capacity); Harvard Step-Test; pedagogical experiment of controlling orientation; methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results.</strong> During the educational and training meetings, the test indicators had statistically significant differences in the direction of decreasing values of special physical capacity, from retractable microcycle to percussive microcycle (p&lt;0,05): аPWC170 – 1469,33 ± 50,11 and 1377,67 ± 49,11 (kg•m•min<sup>-1</sup>), rPWC<sub>170</sub> – 20,87 ± 0,69 and 20,71 ± 0,71 (kgm•min<sup>-1</sup>•kg<sup>-1</sup>), aVO<sub>2</sub> max – 4002,23 ± 115,23 and 3857,54 ± 117,34 (ml•min<sup>-1</sup>), rVO2 max – 61,57 ± 1,51 and 54,37 ± 1,67 (ml•min<sup>-1</sup>•kg<sup>-1</sup>), in accordance. Also, during the educational and training meetings, the test indicators had statistically significant differences in the direction of increment values of special physical capacity: from percussive microcycle to submersible microcycle (p&lt;0,05): аPWC170 – 1377,67 ± 49,11 and 1494,34 ± 51,78 (kg•m•min<sup>-1</sup>), rPWC170 – 20,71 ± 0,71 and 21,37 ± 0,85 (kgm•min<sup>-1</sup>•kg<sup>-1</sup>), aVO<sub>2</sub> max – 3857,54 ± 117,34 and 3997,09 ± 114,89 (ml•min<sup>-1</sup>), rVO<sub>2</sub> max – 54,37 ± 1,67 and 63,67 ± 1,71 (ml•min<sup>-1</sup>•kg<sup>-1</sup>), in accordance.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion. </strong>The way to solve this problem is the proposed methodical approach, which allows, on the one hand, to comprehensively approach the solution of the issue of the complex orientation of the training process of qualified football players in the preparatory period of training, on the other hand, it provides for the differentiation of the team composition into typological groups of athletes, which allows to have a targeted influence on indicators of special physical capacity and technical and tactical potential of qualified football players.</p> Igor Doroshenko, Andrii Svatyev, Eduard Sobol, Sviatoslav Danylchenko, Eduard Doroshenko Copyright (c) 2023 Igor Doroshenko, Andrii Svatyev, Eduard Sobol, Sviatoslav Danylchenko, Eduard Doroshenko Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The Dependence of Physical Fitness on the Functional Capabilities of Girls During Education at the Military Academy <p><strong>The purpose of the study </strong>is to study the statistical relationship between physical fitness and functional capabilities of girls – future officers at the stages of training at the military academy.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The research subjects were 108 girls who started studying at military academies at the beginning of the experiment; their age ranges from 17 years and 3 months to 18 years and 5 months. The experiment took place over four academic years with the participation of the same girls. The main means of obtaining data were pedagogical testing and diagnosis of physiological characteristics, which took place every year.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Every year there is a weak but statistically significant dependence of changes in the general physical fitness of girls on changes in their functional capabilities. At the same time, with each new year of study, this dependence only increases. Changes in general physical fitness depend somewhat more on changes in functional capabilities than on special ones. The latter is characterized by a tendency towards a slightly greater dependence in the 2nd and 4th years of study, compared to the results in the 1st and 3rd years.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Data from sources of information prove the need to take into account the results obtained in practical activities regarding the dependence of physical fitness on the functional capabilities of those who perform physical activity. This will contribute to increasing the effectiveness of the organization and the content of girls’ physical activity in solving the defined tasks of professional training at the military academy.</p> Viktor Sliusarchuk, Gennadii Iedynak Copyright (c) 2023 Viktor Sliusarchuk, Gennadii Iedynak Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0300