Influence of Strength Fitness Classes on the Development of Motor Abilities of High School Students
Keywords:strength fitness, motor abilities, high school students
The purpose of study is to determine the effectiveness of the influence of strength fitness on the development of motor abilities of high school students.
Materials and methods. The study was conducted on the basis of secondary school No. 55 Kharkiv in several stages. During the study, two groups were created: experimental and control. The control and experimental groups included 10 boys of 10 grade each. In the control group, lessons were held on the module “Gymnastics” according to the thematic plan. And in the experimental group the lessons content included: strength fitness, stretching exercises and aerobic combinations. Special attention was paid to the preparation of muscles for performing the exercises of the main part of the lesson - strength training. Research methods: study, synthesis and comparative analysis of literature and other sources on the research issue; observation; questionnaires, diagnosis of well-being, activity, mood according to the WAM method, testing of motor readiness, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results. According to the study results, in the experimental group was found a probable improvement in the state of activity by 11.3 points (p<0.01) and mood by 12.7 points (p<0.01). This indicates the positive impact of strength fitness exercises, modern music accompaniment and the corresponding load on these indicators. In the control group under the program of the variable module “Gymnastics” we observed an improvement in strength abilities such as flexion and extension of the arms in the abutment position by 3.8 (p<0.05). Indicators of motor abilities of students in the experimental group at the end of the trial had probable shifts towards improvement: shuttle run 4×9 m by 0.9 sec. (p<0.01), flexion and extension of the arms in the abutment position by 3.9 times (p<0.05), flexion and extension of the arms in suspension by 1.5 times (p<0.05), bent suspension by 7.4 sec. (p<0.001), jump in length from the place by 7.4 cm (p<0.05), flexibility (torso inclination) by 3.1 cm (p<0.001).
Conclusions. The use of recreational fitness in physical education classes in high school students not only contributes to an increase in the level of motor abilities, but also improves the emotional state of students. Through a combination of physical education, aerobic exercise, stretching, strength fitness, breathing exercises, visualization, high school students noted an improvement in well-being, mood, and activity.
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Khudolii O. M., Ivashchenko, O. V., & Veremeenko, V. Yu. (2019). Motor abilities: the structure of development in boys aged 12-14 years. Bulletin of the Shevchenko National University “Chernihiv Colehium”. Series: Pedagogical Sciences 3 (2019), 137-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.05
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