Pattern Recognition: Effectiveness of Teaching Girls Aged 14 the Cartwheel
Keywords:discriminant analysis, girls aged 14, acrobatic exercises, exercise mode, teaching
Purpose. To determine the impact of exercise modes on the effectiveness of teaching girls aged 14 the cartwheel.
Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 girls aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis.
Results. The study found that statistically significant differences in the number of repetitions were observed in performing all series of training tasks, except the third one (p < 0.05). The girls aged 14 who used the first mode (6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) needed fewer repetitions to master the movements of the first, second, fourth, fifth, and sixth series of tasks (p < 0.05). The girls aged 14 who used the second mode (6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s) needed fewer repetitions to master the movements of the third series of tasks (p < 0.05).
Conclusions. Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of developing the cartwheel skill in girls aged 14.
Based on the analysis of group centroids, it was found that exercise modes significantly influence the cartwheel skill development in girls aged 14 during physical education classes. The results of classification of the groups show that 100.0 % of the original grouped cases were classified correctly.
Barnett, L. M., Lubans, D. R., Timperio, A., Salmon, J., & Ridgers, N. D. (2018). What is the contribution of actual motor skill, fitness, and physical activity to children’s self-perception of Motor Competence? Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6, S461-S473. https://doi.org/10.1123/jmld.2016-0076
Barnett, L. M., Telford, R. M., Strugnell, C., Rudd, J., Olive, L. S., & Telford, R. D. (2019). Impact of cultural background on fundamental movement skill and its correlates. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(5), 492-499. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1508399
Bolger, L. E., Bolger, L. A., O’Neill, C., Coughlan, E., O’Brien, W., Lacey, S., Burns, C., & Bardid, F. (2021). Global levels of fundamental motor skills in children: A systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 39(7), 717-753. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1841405
Ivashchenko, O.V. (2017). Classification of 11-13 yrs girls’ motor fitness, considering level of physical exercises’ mastering. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems Of Physical Training And Sports, 21(2), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0203
Ivashchenko, O. (2020). Research Program: Modeling of Motor Abilities Development and Teaching of Schoolchildren. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(1), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.05
Khudolii, O., Golovnin, V., & Bartík, P. (2020). Peculiarities of Motor Fitness Structure of 9-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(2), 53-57. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.01
Petrov, D., Khudolii, O., & Cieślicka, M. (2020). Motor Skills: Motor Fitness Structure of 9-Year-Old Boys. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(2), 58-63. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.02
Shevchenko, T., Khudolii, O., & Potop, V. (2020). Motor Skills in Physical Fitness Structure of 8-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(2), 64-69. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.03
Ivashchenko, O., Abdulkhalikova, T., & Cieślicka, M. (2017). Effectiveness of Motor Skills Development in 5th-7th Grade Girls at Different Modes of Physical Exercises. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(4), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.4.1205
Kapkan, O. (2013). Design of process of educating to physical exercises of girls 14-15. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (1), 16-20. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.1.1005
Khudolii, O., & Chernenko, S. (2013). Features of forming of motive skills for the schoolchildren of junior classes. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (3), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.3.1021
Marchenko, S., & Kovalenko, K. (2020). Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 10 Mae-Geri (Front Kick) Technique in Kyokushin Karate. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 33–39. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.05
Marchenko, S., & Taranenko, O. (2020). Managing the Effectiveness of Teaching Boys Aged 10 Mawashi-Geri (Roundhouse Kick) Technique in Kyokushin Karate. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(4), 262-268. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.4.10
Marchenko, S., Jagiello, W., Iermakov, S., Ivashchenko, O., & Khudolii, O. (2021). Pattern recognition: modes of teaching boys aged 10 mae-geri (front kick) technique in kyokushin karate. ARCH BUDO, 17, 253-261.
Ivashchenko, O., Kapkan, O., Khudolii, O., & Yermakova, T. (2017). Informative Indicators of 14-15 Years’ Age Boys’ Motor Fitness. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(2), 86-97. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.2.1193
Ivashchenko, O.V., & Kapkan, O.O. (2016). Informative pedagogic control indicators of 14-15 years age girls’ motor fitness. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 20(6),18–25. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2016.0603
Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Yermakova, T., Iermakov, S., Nosko, M., & Nosko, Y. (2016). Factorial and discriminant analysis as methodological basis of pedagogic control over motor and functional fitness of 14–16 year old girls. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(2), 442 – 451. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2016.02068
Khudolii, O. (2019). Research Program: Modeling of Young Gymnasts’ Training Process. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(4), 168-178. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.02
Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., & Bartik, P. (2020). Didactics: Methodological Basis of Motor Learning in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.01
Listyarini, A., Alim, A., Oktaviani, A., Putro, K., Kristiyanto, A., Margono, A., & Pratama, K. (2021). The Relations of Using Digital Media and Physical Activity with the Physical Fitness of 4th and 5th Grade Primary School Students. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(3), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.3.12
Ivashchenko, O., Berezhna, H., & Cieślicka, M. (2020). Motor Skills in the Structure of Physical Fitness of 7-Year-Old Boys. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.02
Ivashchenko, O., & Sirichenko, D. (2020). Structure of Motor Fitness of 7-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.03
Broadhead, G. D., & Church, G. E. (1982). Discriminant analysis of gross and fine motor proficiency data. Perceptual and motor skills, 55(2), 547–552. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19188.8.131.527
Brusseau, T. A., & Burns, R. D. (2018). Physical Activity, Health-Related Fitness, and Classroom Behavior in Children: A Discriminant Function Analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 89(4), 411-417. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2018.1519521
Kermarrec, G., & Michot, T. (2007). Development and validation of a scale to measure learning strategies by adolescents in physical education and sports. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 39(3), 235-245. https://doi.org/10.1037/cjbs2007018
Shlemin, A.M. (1973). Iunyi gimnast. M.: Fizkultura i sport, 376.
Khudolii, O.M. (2008). Osnovy metodyky vykladannia himnastyky: Navch. posibnyk. U 2-kh tomakh. 4-e vyd., vypr. i dop. Kharkiv: “OVS”, T. 1, 408.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Inna Kalistratova, Олег Khudolii
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.