Structure of Motor Fitness of 7-Year-Old Girls

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.03

Keywords:

factor analysis, girls, motor skills, motor fitness

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the structure of motor fitness of 7-year-old girls. 

Materials and methods. The study participants were 27 7-year-old girls. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The research methods used in the study include analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. The study recorded the primary schoolchildren’s level of proficiency in gymnastic exercises. The coefficient was determined by the formula: p = (m/n)×100, where p is the level of proficiency, m is the number of successfully performed exercises, n is the total number of attempts to perform the exercise. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: forward roll; backward roll; shoulderstand with bent legs.

Results. The level of fitness of the 7-year-old girls is homogeneous by the development of “agility” and “movement coordination”, inhomogeneous – by the development of flexibility, arm strength, and vestibular stability, level of proficiency in gymnastic exercises. The analysis of the coefficients of variation points to heterochrony in the development of the 7-year-old girls’ motor abilities. Based on the data analysis, it can be argued that the development of vestibular stability ensures the formation of motor skills in girls. Based on factor analysis, it was found that the most informative indicators of motor fitness of the 7-year-old girls are the level of proficiency in acrobatic exercises, the results of test No. 7 “Mixed hang rope pull-ups, times” (r = 0.872) and test No. 10 “Maintenance of stable posture – standing on one leg with closed eyes, s” (r = 0.870).

Conclusions. Based on factor analysis, it was found that the level of proficiency in exercises determines the variation of testing results by 29.772%, and the development of motor skills is a priority in the educational process at primary school. The development of vestibular stability ensures the formation of motor skills, and the level of general physical fitness is the reserve in training girls aged 7, which will make it possible to increase the effectiveness of the educational process. 

Author Biographies

Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
o.ivashchenko@yahoo.com

Daria Sirichenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
siricenkodara@gmail.com

References

Da Silva Gasparotto, G., Bichels, A., do Prado Szeremeta, T., Vagetti, G. C., & de Oliveira, V. (2020). High school students’ academic performance associated with psychological aspects, body practices and physical activity. Journal of Physical Education (Maringa), 31(1). Scopus. https://doi.org/10.4025/JPHYSEDUC.V31I1.3137

Ha, A. S., Lonsdale, C., Lubans, D. R., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2017). Increasing students’ physical activity during school physical education: rationale and protocol for the SELF-FIT cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4553-8

Ivashchenko, O. (2020). Research program: Modeling of motor abilities development and teaching of schoolchildren. Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 20(1), 32-41. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.05

Koh, K. T., Ong, S. W., & Camiré, M. (2016). Implementation of a values training program in physical education and sport: perspectives from teachers, coaches, students, and athletes. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 21(3), 295-312. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2014.990369

Richards, K. A. R., & Levesque-Bristol, C. (2014). Student Learning and Motivation in Physical Education. Strategies, 27(2), 43-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/08924562.2014.879431

Ruiz, J. R., Castro-Piñero, J., España-Romero, V., Artero, E. G., Ortega, F. B., Cuenca, M. M., Jimenez-Pavón, D., Chillón, P., Girela-Rejón, M. J., Mora, J., Gutiérrez, Á., Suni, J., Sjöström, M., & Castillo, M. J. (2011). Field-based fitness assessment in young people: the ALPHA health-related fitness test battery for children and adolescents. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(6), 518. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2010.075341

Kapkan, O. O., Khudolii, O. M., & Bartík, P. (2019a). Motor skills development: Optimization of teaching boys aged 14. Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 19(3), 148-155. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.06

Kapkan, O. O., Khudolii, O. M., & Bartík, P. (2019b). Pattern recognition: Motor skills development in girls aged 15. Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 19(1), 44-52. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.1.06

Khudolii, O. M., Ivashchenko, O. V., Iermakov, S. S., Nosko, Y. M., & Marchenko, S. I. (2019). Strength abilities: Estimation of immediate training effect of strength loads in girls aged 7 years. Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 19(2), 98-104. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.2.06

Albers, J. A., & Lewis, B. A. (2020). Afterschool jump rope program: Time and intensity of physical activity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(2), 877-882. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.02125

Ivashchenko, O., Iermakov, S., & Khudolii, O. (2017). The peculiarities of motor fitness’ classification model of 6-10 years old girls. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 21(6), 260-265. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0601

Ivashchenko, O. (2017a). Methodological Approaches to Pedagogical Control of Motor Readiness of Girls Aged 6-10. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(3), 126-138. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.3.1197

Ivashchenko, O. (2017b). Gender-Specific Peculiarities of Motor Preparedness of Children Aged 6-10. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.1.1180

Ivashchenko, O., & Yermakova, T. (2015). Structural model of in-group dynamic of 6-10 years old boys’ motor fitness. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 19(10), 24-32. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.1004

Ivashchenko, O. (2017). Special aspects of motor abilities development in 6-10 years’ age girls. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 21(3), 105-110. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0302

Khudolii, O., Karpunets, T., & Ivashchenko, O. (2015). Structural Model of Motor Readiness of Young Gymnasts Aged 6-8. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (4), 3-10. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2015.4.1150

Ivashchenko, O., Iermakov, S., Khudolii, O., Yermakova, T., Cieślicka, M., & Harkusha, S. (2018). Simulation of the regularities of physical exercises learning process of boys aged 8 years old. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0102

Khudolii, O., Ivashchenko, O., & Chernenko, S. (2015). Simulation of junior shcoolchildren’s training to acrobatic exercises and vaults. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 19(7), 64-71. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0709

Chernenko, S. (2015b). Effectieness of junior form pupils’ training of gymnastic exercises in different modes of their fulfillment. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 19(8), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0809

Chernenko, S. (2015a). Simulation of junior pupils’ training of ball throsing to vertivcal target. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 19(5), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0507

Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Ivashchenko, O., & Sirichenko, D. (2020). Structure of Motor Fitness of 7-Year-Old Girls. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 1(1), 20–25. https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.03

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Articles