Strength Abilities: Assessment and Specific Features of the Development of Elementary School-Aged Karate Boys




boys, strength abilities, kyokushinkai karate, primary school students


The purpose of this study is to determine the age-specific features of the manifestation of differences in the strength fitness of younger grade boys who attend a karate class at the sports and health stage.

Materials and methods. The study participants were 57 children who were tested to determine their level of strength abilities. They were divided into four age groups: 7-year-old boys (n=14), 8-year-old boys (n=15), 9-year-old boys (n=15), and 10-year-old boys (n=13). The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The children’s technical level corresponded to the student grades of 10th or 9th Kyu (Orange Belt). The solution of the set tasks involved the use of the following research methods: review and analysis of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical observation, timing of educational tasks, testing of strength abilities, pedagogical ascertaining experiment, methods of mathematical statistics.

Results. Statistically significant age-specific differences were observed between the groups of boys aged 7 and 8 in the results of the following tests: push-ups (р=0.0001), 30 second sit-ups (р=0.001), pull-ups and chin-ups (р=0.008), flexed-arm hang (р=0.003), left hand dynamometry (р=0.023), standing long jump (р=0.0001); between the groups of boys aged 8 and 9 in the results of the following tests: 30 second sit-ups (р=0.046), pull-ups and chin-ups (р=0.004), flexed-arm hang (р=0.002); between the groups of boys aged 9 and 10 in the results of the following tests: standing long jump (р=0.014).

Conclusions. It was established that the boys have differences in various structural elements that characterize strength indicators. And these differences are in line with the age indicators and technical level of the karatekas.

Author Biographies

Volodymyr Hontarenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Svitlana Marchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Oleksandr Korol, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Department of Physical Education, Bandera St, 12, Lviv, 79013, Ukraine



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How to Cite

Hontarenko В., Marchenko С., & Korol О. (2022). Strength Abilities: Assessment and Specific Features of the Development of Elementary School-Aged Karate Boys. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 3(3), 109–115.



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