Development of Distance Technologies in Physical Education of Students: Opportunities and Challenges
Keywords:physical education, student, distance technology, quarantine
Purpose. To identify the state of teaching “Physical Education” by means of distance technologies at the university.
Materials and methods. The study involved 3,726 first-year students of the Lviv Polytechnic National University of all educational-and-scientific institutes. The organization of the study was aimed at studying the opinion of students on various issues regarding the quality of distance education in physical education. At the empirical level of the study, a questionnaire was used.
Results. The study analyzed the state of physical education at the university by means of distance learning. According to the results of the survey, it was found that the vast majority of surveyed students (81.3%) believe that physical education classes by means of distance learning are necessary in the conditions of introduction of quarantine safety measures. 51.6% of students noted that methodical skills gained during the classes significantly helped them in organizing independent physical training sessions during the suspension of educational activities in auditoriums. 71% support the possibility of physical education classes by means of distance technologies in order to counteract the forced restriction of motor activity.
Conclusions. Ensuring the effectiveness of physical education of students in the position of quarantine measures requires new approaches and methods of interaction with students, adequate choice of goals and objectives, organizational forms, methods and means of physical education maintain the proper level of their motor activity and prevent social maladaptation. From the study, we can conclude that physical education by means of distance technologies is in a state of development, but not at such a rapid pace. Instead, on the basis of the study summarizes that the use of distance learning means in physical education of students ensures the formation of values of a healthy lifestyle and maintaining their health at the appropriate level.
Bezgrebelnaya, О., Pavlos, R., BulatovА., & Nezhoda, S. (2020). Activation of innovative means of physical education of students of higher education institutions. Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 15. Scientific and Pedagogical Problems of Physical Culture (Physical Culture and Sports), (5(125), 21-25. https://doi.org/10.31392/NPU-nc.series15.2020.5(125).03 (in Ukrainian)
Koryahin, V., Blavt, О., & Tsiovkh, L. (2018). Regulation of Pedagogical Principles of Control in Physical Education of Students of Special Medical Groups. Theory and Methods of the Physical Education, 18(1), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2018.1.01
Bergier, B., Tsos, А., & Bergier J. (2014). Factors determining physical activity of Ukrainian students. Annals of Environmental Medicine, 21(3), 613-616. https://doi.org/10.5604/12321966.1120612
Kensitskaya, I. (2017). Model of formation of values of a healthy way of life of students in the course of physical education. Theory and Methods of Physical Education and Sports, 4, 69-76.
Daskapan, A., Tuzun, E.H., & Eker, L. (2005). Relationship between physical activity level and health related quality of life among university students. Saudi Medical Journal, 26, 1026-1028.
Gladoschuk, O.G. (2018). Higher educational institution as an environment for the formation of physical culture and health self-organization of student youth. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. Series: Pedagogy. Social Work, 1, 292-295. https://doi.org/10.24144/2524-0609.2018.42.292-295
Anikieiev, D.M. (2015). Criteria of effectiveness of students’ physical education system in higher educational establishments. Physical education of students, 19(5), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2015.0501
Pekmezovic, T., Popovic, A., Tepavcevic, D.K., Gazibara, T., & Paunic, M. (2011). Factors associated with health-related quality of life among belgrade university students. Quality of Life Research, 20, 391-397. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9754-x
Dukh, Т. (2011). Group motivation of students in physical education under mutual learning. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 11, 38-43. https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/837 (in Ukrainian)
Extremera, N., & Fernández-Berrocal, P. (2006). Emotional intelligence as predictor of mental, social, and physical health in university students. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 9(1), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1138741600005965
Fedorenko, O., Velichko, V., Stepkin, A., Chorna, A., & Solovyov, V. (2019). Informatization of education as a pledge of the existence and development of a modern higher education. Educational Dimension, 52, 5-21. https://doi.org/10.31812/pedag.v52i0.3773 (in Ukrainian)
Gevko, I., & Nevmerzhytska, O. (2019). The role of information and communication technologies in the modern concept of distance learning. Youth and the Market, 2(169), 41-45. https://doi.org/10.24919/2308-4634.2019.162711 (in Ukrainian)
Zelenskyi, B., & Zelenskyi, R. (2018). Motivation: Attitude of Students of Higher Education Institutions of the III Accreditation Levels Toward Physical Education Classes. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 18(3), 114-125. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2018.3.02
Ivashchenko, O.V., & Khudolii, О.М. (2011). Discipline “General foundations of the theory and methods of physical education”. Evaluation criteria. Message II. Theory and methods of physical education, 12, 19-34. https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/758
Shuba, L., & Shuba, V. (2017). Modernization of physical education of student youth. Physical education of students, 21(6), 310-316. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2017.0608
Bykov, V., Spirin, O., & Pinchuk, O. (2020). Modern tasks of digital transformation of education. Unesco Chair Journal “Lifelong Professional Education in the XXI Century” (1), 27-36. https://doi.org/10.35387/ucj.1(1).2020.27-36
Bykov, V.Yu. (2010). Modern Problems of Informatization of Education”. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 1(15). (in Ukrainian)
Silverman, S. (2011). Teaching for student learning in physical education. J Phys Educ Recreat Dance, 82, 29-34.
Morze, N., & Kocharian, А. (2014). ICT competence standards for higher educators and quality assurance in education. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 5. (in Ukrainian)
Kiv, A. & Shyshkina, M. (2019). Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Cloud Technologies in Education (CTE 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2643, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3661502
Kachan, O.A. (2017). Implementation of innovative technologies in physical culture and sports activities of educational institutions. Slavyansk: Vytoky, 138. (in Ukrainian)
Klopov, R.V. (2013). Practical aspects of development and application of distance learning courses in higher physical education. Bulletin of Chernihiv State Pedagogical University T. H. Shevchenko, 3(112), 39-44. (in Ukrainian)
Armour, К. (2014). New Directions for Research in Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. Sport, Education and Society, 19(7), 853-854. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2014.899493
Deasy, C., Coughlan, B., Pironom, J., Jourdan, D., & Mcnamara, P.M. (2014). Psychological distress and lifestyle of students: implications for health promotion. Health promotion international, 30(1), 77-87. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dau086
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Viktor Koryahin, Oksana Blavt
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.