Improvement of Technical and Tactical Training of Qualified Air Rifle Shooters at the Stage of Specialized Basic Training
Keywords:training of qualified athletes, technical and tactical actions, air rifle
The purpose of the study was to identify the peculiarities of technical and tactical training of qualified air rifle shooters at the stage of specialized basic training.
Materials and methods. The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations. The analysis of scientific and methodological literature showed that the number of individual programs for training air rifle shooters does not meet today’s needs of shooting sport. Pedagogical observations were used to study the peculiarities of technical and tactical performance of competitive exercises of qualified athletes, as well as their motor abilities.
Results. The analysis of competitive activity showed that the stages of shooting “aiming”, “performing a shot – active shot”, “getting ready for a shot” are informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified air rifle shooting athletes. A number of educational and methodological documents were analyzed: a program for training rifle and pistol shooters for children and youth sports schools, specialized children and youth schools of the Olympic reserve, schools of high sports mastery and sports educational institutions; specialized literature on training shooters. The analysis revealed that the ratio of the above aspects of training does not allow for effective preparation of athletes to achieve high sports results within the current rules of competitive activity.
Conclusions. A detailed analysis of specialized educational and methodological literature for air rifle shooters showed that in the groups of specialized basic training of athletes all types of training are as follows: theoretical training decreases from 3.44% to 2.6%, general physical training decreases from 15.0 % to 13.2%, special physical training decreases from 17.21% to 15%, technical training increases from 53.5% to 54.7%, participation in competitions increases from 9.05% to 11.7%, instructional and referee practice increases from 1.8% to 2.8%.
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